According to FAO's Global Forest Resources Assessment 2020, an estimated 420 million hectares of forest has been lost worldwide through deforestation since 1990, but the rate of forest loss has declined substantially. Forests at different latitudes and elevations, and with different precipitation and evapotranspiration[9] form distinctly different biomes: boreal forests around the North Pole, tropical moist forests and tropical dry forests around the Equator, and temperate forests at the middle latitudes. This woods is near a field. A forest is an area of land dominated by trees. Canada has about 4,020,000 square kilometres (1,550,000 sq mi) of forest land. The plural noun is forests. FOREST, noun. We slashed our way through the dense forest. The biodiversity of forests varies considerably according to factors such as forest type, geography, climate and soils – in addition to human use. The estimate is about eight times higher than previous estimates, and is based on tree densities measured on over 400,000 plots. [2][3][4] The Food and Agriculture Organization defines a forest as land spanning more than 0.5 hectares with trees higher than 5 meters and a canopy cover of more than 10 percent, or trees able to reach these thresholds in situ. A savanna is a mixed woodland grassland ecosystem characterized by the trees being sufficiently widely spaced so that the canopy does not close. rain forest; Etymology []. [19] The Norman rulers of England introduced the word as a legal term, as seen in Latin texts such as the Magna Carta, to denote uncultivated land that was legally designated for hunting by feudal nobility (see Royal Forest).[19][20]. The noun form of forest is countable, eg "There are many forests in France". [25] In absolute terms, the global forest area decreased by 178 million hectares between 1990 and 2020, which is an area about the size of Libya.[25]. In 2015, a study for Nature Climate Change showed that the trend has recently been reversed, leading to an "overall gain" in global biomass and forests. (uncountable) The art and practice of planting and growing trees in forests. These are often created for human benefits; Attention Restoration Theory argues that spending time in nature reduces stress and improves health, while forest schools and kindergartens help young people to develop social as well as scientific skills in forests. лес • (les) m inan (genitive ле́са, nominative plural леса́, genitive plural лесо́в) 1. forest, woods 1.1. леса́ ― lesá ― woodland, forests 1.2. де́вственный лес ― dévstvennyj les ― virgin forest, primeval forest 1.3. запове́дный лес (zapovédnyj les) means: 1.3.1. запове́дник ― zapovédnik ― protection forest 1.3.2. т… Delivered to your inbox! [53][54], There is an estimated 726 million ha of forest in protected areas worldwide. A forest consists of many components that can be broadly divided into two categories that are biotic (living) and abiotic (non-living) components. In more general, commonly used, contexts, the plural form will also be forestry. [10], Human society and forests influence each other in both positive and negative ways. About eight percent of Canada's forest is legally protected from resource development. These 26 major types can be reclassified into 6 broader categories: temperate needleleaf; temperate broadleaf and mixed; tropical moist; tropical dry; sparse trees and parkland; and forest plantations. To learn how to add open license text to Wikipedia articles, please see this how-to page. It does not include land that is predominantly under agricultural or urban land use. Old-growth forest contains mainly natural patterns of biodiversity in established seral patterns, and they contain mainly species native to the region and habitat. They are generally characteristic of the warmer temperate latitudes, but extend to cool temperate ones, particularly in the southern hemisphere. FOREST, verb. Learn a new word every day. (uncommon) 1923, Robert Frost, "Stopping by Woods on a Snowy Evening: In the most recent five-year period (2015–2020), the annual rate of deforestation was estimated at 10 million hectares, down from 12 million hectares in 2010–2015. The word was not endemic to Romance languages, e. g. native words for forest in the Romance languages derived from the Latin silva, which denoted "forest" and "wood(land)" (confer the English sylva and sylvan); confer the Italian, Spanish, and Portuguese selva; the Romanian silvă; and the Old French selve, and cognates in Romance languages, e. g. the Italian foresta, Spanish and Portuguese floresta, etc., are all ultimately derivations of the French word. [25] Northern Africa, southern Australia, coastal Brazil, Madagascar and South Africa, are also identified as areas with striking losses in biodiversity intactness.[25]. In the Northern Hemisphere pines Pinus, spruces Picea, larches Larix, firs Abies, Douglas firs Pseudotsuga and hemlocks Tsuga, make up the canopy, but other taxa are also important. Much of this biomass occurs below ground in the root systems and as partially decomposed plant detritus. The open canopy allows sufficient light to reach the ground to support an unbroken herbaceous layer consisting primarily of grasses. These woods are near a field. Examples: crew, company, audience, team, public, etc. [22] The resorting to sylva in English indicates more precisely the denotation that use of forest intends. The emergent layer exists in tropical rainforests. The woody component of a forest contains lignin, which is relatively slow to decompose compared with other organic materials such as cellulose or carbohydrate. Sometimes we have to change letters, such as ‘y’ to ‘i’ as in baby → babies before adding on the -(e)s plural. Forest ecologists concentrate on forest patterns and processes, usually with the aim of elucidating cause-and-effect relationships. The main layers of all forest types are the forest floor, the understory and the canopy. [23] The shed organic matter altered the freshwater environment, slowing it down and providing food. [30], There are many different types of tropical moist forests, with lowland evergreen broad leaf tropical rainforests, for example várzea and igapó forests and the terra firma forests of the Amazon Basin; the peat swamp forests, dipterocarp forests of Southeast Asia; and the high forests of the Congo Basin. Most Canadian provinces have regulations limiting the size of clear-cuts, although some older clear-cuts can range upwards of 110 square kilometres (27,000 acres) in size which was cut over several years. The precise origin of Medieval Latin foresta is obscure. Establish a forest on previously unforested land; "afforest the mountains". [citation needed], Although the word forest is commonly used, there is no universally recognised precise definition, with more than 800 definitions of forest used around the world. [23], Forests account for 75% of the gross primary productivity of the Earth's biosphere, and contain 80% of the Earth's plant biomass. [7] More than half of the world’s forests are found in only five countries (Brazil, Canada, China, Russian Federation and United States of America). Canopy definition, a covering, usually of fabric, supported on poles or suspended above a bed, throne, exalted personage, or sacred object. [36][37] Forests may impose an economic burden,[38][39] diminish the enjoyment of natural areas,[40] reduce the food producing capacity of grazing land[41] and cultivated land,[42] reduce biodiversity[43][44] reduce available water for humans and wildlife,[45][46] harbour dangerous or destructive wildlife,[36][47] and act as reservoirs of human and livestock disease.[48][49]. For example, your sample sentence could be rewritten as. Examples: crew, company, audience, team, public, etc. The latitudes 10° north and south of the equator are mostly covered in tropical rainforest, and the latitudes between 53°N and 67°N have boreal forest. Question #0c999 What is a noun phrase in linguistics? [8], Forests account for 75% of the gross primary production of the Earth's biosphere, and contain 80% of the Earth's plant biomass. For example, a forest may be defined as any land that is used primarily for production of timber. [13], Under land use definitions, there is considerable variation on where the cutoff points are between a forest, woodland, and savanna. The area of forest in protected areas globally has increased by 191 million ha since 1990, but the rate of annual increase slowed in 2010–2020.[56]. [21] Finally, sylva (plural sylvae or, less classically, sylvas) is a peculiar English spelling of the Latin silva, denoting a "woodland", and has precedent in English, including its plural forms. Test your vocabulary with our 10-question quiz! Seasonal tropical forests, perhaps the best description for the colloquial term "jungle", typically range from the rainforest zone 10 degrees north or south of the equator, to the Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn. Another word for Opposite of Meaning of Rhymes with Sentences with Find word forms Translate from English Translate to English Words With Friends Scrabble Crossword / Codeword Words starting with Words ending with Words containing exactly Words containing letters Pronounce Find conjugations Find names. This promoted freshwater fish. Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible). While its use as a synonym of forest and as a Latinate word denoting a woodland may be admitted, in a specific technical sense it is restricted to denoting the species of trees that comprise the woodlands of a region, as in its sense in the subject of silviculture. Dictionary definition. Text taken from The State of the World’s Forests 2020. From rain +‎ forest, a calque of German Regenwald.. Noun []. [50] More than 75% of these intact forests lie in three countries—the boreal forests of Russia and Canada and the rainforest of Brazil. However, the United States Forest Service estimates a net loss of about 2 million hectares (4,942,000 acres) between 1997 and 2020; this estimate includes conversion of forest land to other uses, including urban and suburban development, as well as afforestation and natural reversion of abandoned crop and pasture land to forest. The loss and re-growth of forest leads to a distinction between two broad types of forest, primary or old-growth forest and secondary forest. Latvia has about 3,270,000 hectares (12,626 sq mi) of forest land which equates to 50.6% of Latvia's total area (24,938 sq mi). Human activities, including unsustainable use of forest resources, can negatively affect forest ecosystems. Most English noun plurals are formed just by adding an -(e)s: table → tables, glass → glasses. 13th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1, Middle English, from Anglo-French, from Late Latin forestis (silva) unenclosed (woodland), from Latin foris outside — more at forum. Temperate needleleaf forests mostly occupy the higher latitude regions of the Northern Hemisphere, as well as high altitude zones and some warm temperate areas, especially on nutrient-poor or otherwise unfavourable soils. 'Nip it in the butt' or 'Nip it in the bud'. Forests located on mountains are also included in this category, divided largely into upper and lower montane formations on the basis of the variation of physiognomy corresponding to changes in altitude. A forest is made up of many layers. Some (but not all — just to keep us on our toes) ‘f’s also change to ‘v’s: wife → wives, wolf → wolves. Latvia's forests have been steadily increasing over the years which is in contrast to many other nations, mostly due to the forestation of land not used for agriculture. Some areas covered with trees are legally defined as agricultural areas, e.g. They occur principally in areas of transition from forested to non-forested landscapes. The shade, soil, and forest duff from the dropped fronds created the first forest. Land cover definitions define forests based upon the type and density of vegetation growing on the land. The seasonality of rainfall is usually reflected in the deciduousness of the forest canopy, with most trees being leafless for several months of the year. Especially for German learners the correct declension of the word Wald is crucial. less fertile soils or less predictable drought regimes, the proportion of evergreen species increases and the forests are characterised as "sclerophyllous". How to use lynx in a sentence. [citation needed] By the beginning of the Fourteenth Century, English texts used the word in all three of its senses: common, legal, and archaic. However, because hunting forests often included significant areas of woodland, forest eventually came to connote woodland in general, regardless of the density of the trees. Unlike forest, these are all derived from Old English and were not borrowed from another language. The Leshy (also Leshi; Russian: леший, IPA: [ˈlʲeʂɨj]; literally, "[he] from the forest", Polish: boruta, borowy, leśnik, leśniczy, lasowik, leszy) is a tutelary deity of the forests in Slavic mythology.The plural form in Russian is лешие, leshiye (retaining the stress on the first syllable). rainforest (countable and uncountable, plural rainforests) . Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 License statement/permission on Wikimedia Commons. Forest ecosystems can be found in all regions capable of sustaining tree growth, at altitudes up to the tree line, except where natural fire frequency or other disturbance is too high, or where the environment has been altered by human activity. [29][30], The net loss of forest area has decreased substantially since 1990, but the world is not on track to meet the target of the United Nations Strategic Plan for Forests to increase forest area by 3 percent by 2030. This vegetation is variously called open taiga, open lichen woodland, and forest tundra. Forests are often home to many animal and plant species, and biomass per unit area is high compared to other vegetation communities. The opposite problem from flooding has plagued national forests, with loggers complaining that a lack of thinning and proper forest management has resulted in large forest fires.[62][63]. Text taken from Global Forest Resources Assessment 2020 Key findings, FAO, FAO. This system divides the world's forests into 26 major types, which reflect climatic zones as well as the principal types of trees. The first known forests on Earth arose in the Late Devonian (approximately 380 million years ago), with the evolution of Archaeopteris. Under such a land use definition, cleared roads or infrastructure within an area used for forestry, or areas within the region that have been cleared by harvesting, disease or fire are still considered forests even if they contain no trees. Third-person singular simple present indicative form of forest; Anagrams . These thresholds are typically the number of trees per area (density), the area of ground under the tree canopy (canopy cover) or the section of land that is occupied by the cross-section of tree trunks (basal area). Some authorities claim the word derives from the Late Latin phrase forestam silvam, denoting "the outer wood"; others claim the word is a latinisation of the Frankish *forhist, denoting "forest, wooded country", and was assimilated to "forestam silvam" pursuant to the common practice of Frankish scribes. Forests can be classified in different ways and to different degrees of specificity. The word forest derives from the Old French forest (also forès), denoting "forest, vast expanse covered by trees"; forest was first introduced into English as the word denoting wild land set aside for hunting[17] without the necessity in definition of having trees on the land. Dense collection of trees covering a relatively large area, This article is about a community of trees. [30], Sparse trees and savanna are forests with lower canopy cover of trees. Higher elevation areas tend to support forests similar to those at higher latitudes, and amount of precipitation also affects forest composition. [25] Areas with dense human populations and intense agricultural land use, such as Europe, parts of Bangladesh, China, India and North America, are less intact in terms of their biodiversity. The noun forestry can be countable or uncountable. As a general rule, forests dominated by angiosperms (broadleaf forests) are more species-rich than those dominated by gymnosperms (conifer, montane, or needleleaf forests), although exceptions exist. [28], Forests can also be classified according to the amount of human alteration. For information on reusing text from Wikipedia, please see the terms of use. Savannas maintain an open canopy despite a high tree density. It remains subject to a wide margin of error, not least because the samples are mainly from Europe and North America. FOREST, noun. The Old High German forst denoting "forest", Middle Low German vorst denoting "forest", Old English fyrhþ denoting "forest, woodland, game preserve, hunting ground" (English frith), and Old Norse fýri, denoting "coniferous forest", all of which derive from the Proto-Germanic *furhísa-, *furhíþija-, denoting "a fir-wood, coniferous forest", from the Proto-Indo-European *perkwu-, denoting "a coniferous or mountain forest, wooded height" all attest to the Frankish *forhist. How to use forestry in a sentence. Another word for Opposite of Meaning of Rhymes with Sentences with Find word forms Translate from English Translate to English Words With Friends Scrabble Crossword / Codeword Words starting with Words ending with Words containing exactly Words containing letters Pronounce Find conjugations Find names [30] Each category is described as a separate section below. [60][61], In the United States, most forests have historically been affected by humans to some degree, though in recent years improved forestry practices have helped regulate or moderate large scale or severe impacts. He warned her never to enter the forest at night. Forest definition: A forest is a large area where trees grow close together. [30], Temperate broadleaf and mixed forests include a substantial component of trees in the Anthophyta. They got lost in the forest. These allocated areas are managed using the principles of sustainable forest management, which includes extensive consultation with local stakeholders. Forests can also be classified more specifically based on the climate and the dominant tree species present, resulting in numerous different forest types (e.g.. 'All Intensive Purposes' or 'All Intents and Purposes'? [23] Archaeopteris formed the first forest by being the first known species to cast shade due to its fronds and forming soil from its roots. More than 90% of forest land is publicly owned and about 50% of the total forest area is allocated for harvesting. To learn how to add open license text to Wikipedia articles, please see this how-to page. How to use forest in a sentence. This article incorporates text from a free content work. However, in many areas of the United States, the area of forest is stable or increasing, particularly in many northern states. forests. Almost half the forest area (49 percent) is relatively intact, while 9 percent is found in fragments with little or no connectivity. For information on reusing text from Wikipedia, please see the terms of use. How Plural Nouns Work in English. ", "Woody encroachment decreases diversity across North American grasslands and savannas", "Cascading biodiversity and functional consequences of a global change–induced biome switch", "Managing riparian vegetation to sustain streamflow: results of paired catchment experiments in South Africa", "Native vegetation: cost of preservation in Australia", "Forests and emerging infectious diseases of humans", The Last Frontier Forests: Ecosystems and Economies on the Edge, "World deforestation slows down as more forests are better managed", "Global Forest Resources Assessment 2015", "Forestry in 2015 (only in Latvian) | Latvijas statistika", "Wildfires Ignite Forest Management Debate", CoolForests.org – Conservation Cools the Planet, Forest area is land under natural or planted stands of trees of at least 5 meters in situ, whether productive or not, and excludes tree stands in agricultural production systems, "The World's 10 Most Threatened Forest Hotspots", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Forest&oldid=1003098142, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2009, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Physiognomy classifies forests based on their overall physical structure or. Another distinction is whether the forests are composed predominantly of broadleaf trees, coniferous (needle-leaved) trees, or mixed. a tract of wooded grounds in England formerly belonging to the sovereign and set apart … Archaeopteris quickly spread throughout the world, from the equator to subpolar latitudes. Each layer has a different set of plants and animals depending upon the availability of sunlight, moisture and food. The two major zones in which these ecosystems occur are in the boreal region and in the seasonally dry tropics. Which proper nouns should be capitalized? The Plural Forest The Plural Forest; traces of Nature in Thai identity. Areas that fail to meet the land cover definition may be still included under while immature trees are establishing if they are expected to meet the definition at maturity. plural of wood; Noun . Archaeopteris was deciduous, dropping its fronds onto the forest floor. (plural) Answer link. Rule 12: Collective nouns that represent a group of nouns are always plural noun in form. in reference to various types of forestries or a collection of forestries. See more ideas about singular and plural nouns, plural nouns, singular and plural. Serving as a source of woodlands and trees for millions of people depending almost entirely on forests for subsistence for their essential fuelwood, food and fodder needs. Land that is covered with trees and shrubs. See the full definition for forest in the English Language Learners Dictionary, Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for forest, Nglish: Translation of forest for Spanish Speakers, Britannica English: Translation of forest for Arabic Speakers, Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about forest. On 7 September 2015, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations released a new study stating that, over the last 25 years, the global deforestation rate has decreased by 50% due to improved management of forests and greater government protection. [11] Forests provide ecosystem services to humans and serve as tourist attractions. Related questions. Forest management has changed considerably over the last few centuries, with rapid changes from the 1980s onwards culminating in a practice now referred to as sustainable forest management. [24], China instituted a ban on logging, beginning in 1998, due to the erosion and flooding that it caused. At high latitudes, north of the main zone of boreal forest, growing conditions are not adequate to maintain a continuous closed forest cover, so tree cover is both sparse and discontinuous. Rule 13: In a similar way, Some nouns are always in singular noun form even though they have ‘s’ at their end. 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