What also becomes more expensive is the process of constructing a building, as it also should fall within the standards. Your privacy is extremely important to us. The ICC and Modular Building Institute are working together to create a white paper that would clear up a lot of grey areas in the modular construction world and get everyone up to speed on what modular buildings are and the benefits of using this approach in the construction industry. Another disadvantage of modular construction is stated by Chiang et al. In addition to the projects mentioned above, this practice has been used by the authorities of Hong Kong in public housing construction (Chiang et al. Next, modular parts are transported to the assembly yards where they will later be put together. The authors claim that the result of the simulation is a series of reports and graphs illustrating all the available resources. The building’s lateral stability system came from the central core using a modular precast concrete system, above level 7. (2020, June 28). This sample Architecture Research Paper is published for educational and informational purposes only. 263-274. These barriers are studied by Azhar, Lukkad and Ahmad (2012). The Modular Building Institute 2010, Improving construction efficiency & productivity with modular construction, The Modular Building Institute, Charlottesville, VA. Velamati, S 2012, Feasibility, benefits and challenges of modular construction in high rise development in the united states: a developer’s perspective, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA. Third, modular buildings are usually erected faster if compared to conventional, that is why cost benefits are resulting from both savings during shorter periods of construction and income from earlier introducing into service and receiving rental payments (Ataei et al. According to the authors, to avoid the negative aspect of this type of building, it is necessary to assess all potential limitation that might emerge during the process such as delays in transportation, various problems deriving from the human factor, and inaccuracies in plans and schedules. construction must be applied wholescale across the industry. advantages relative to standard onsite construction. Test and provide models for comparing off-site construction data to the construction sector and researchers Conventional Construction .Modular buildings are constructed almost solely in a factory and arrive at the site 90 to 95 per hundred complete. It is emphasized that modular construction has the potential to shorten project design and engineering time, reduce costs and improve construction productivity. 681-692. 2006) and Singapore (Poh & Chen 1998). 17, no. We utilize security vendors that protect and The fourth benefit is that it helps increase safety in the working place. Taghaddos, H, Hermann, U, AbouRizk, S & Mohamed, Y 2014, ‘Simulation-based multiagent approach for scheduling modular construction’, Journal of Computing in Civil Engineering, vol. First of all, the authors believe that this type of construction requires high-skilled workers that would work on design and planning, but they are hard to afford by the ordinary building companies. 11/14/20 – A summary of research article by Erica Barnett, this piece analyzes and explains the different approaches to constructing modular housing and the potential benefits each brings in affordability. Together with that, it is a perfect tool for reducing conflicts in the working place because the number of workers is at a minimum, so, they rarely intercommunicate and collide. Nevertheless, today it is more often used for constructing business centres, telecommunications, stations, churches, educational structures, military objects, airport facilities, restaurants, and even healthcare institutions. Modular parts can be built to exact specification and be replicated with the minimal error off-site usually in a factory setting thus reducing the time of completion and the need for amendments significantly. 521-532. Court, P, Pasquire, C, Gibb, A & Bower, D 2006, ‘Design of a lean and agile construction system for a large and complex mechanical and electrical project’, Proceedings of the 14th Annual Conference of the International Group for Lean Construction, IGLC, Santiago, Chile, pp. It is emphasized that modular construction has the potential to shorten project design and engineering time, reduce costs and improve construction productivity. It means that using this type of construction helps minimise the amount of scrap that as well improves the sustainability of a hospital because less money is spent first on buying materials, then on cleaning up the wastes. Ataei, A, Gebrail, F, Daliri, F & Bolourian, N 2015, Productivity of modular construction, Concordia University, Montreal, Canada. Unfortunately, your browser is too old to work on this site. The use of modular construction is directly influenced by the client’s requirements for speed of construction, quality, added benefits of economy of scale, as well as single point procurement. most modular systems, a concrete floor was used with concrete columns poured on-site into formworks contained within the modules. 39, no. Here we have uploaded the best-selected reports and journals which will help you for the seminar and civil engineering projects. The choice to “go modular” was driven by a constrained and high-cost labour market. Modular construction is not a new technique for erecting a building, and it has already gained popularity among the most varied customer from healthcare and educational institutions to non-profit organizations and governments at all levels. The seminar report on Modular Building Construction Technique discusses the temporary methods of using modular units in construction. M. Memari PhD, P.E. 1-14. Third, the demand for healthcare services continually grows. The authors also point out that strict schedules also have a positive impact on environmental advantage. Today, modular construction has become popular with healthcare providers, as more and more hospitals building are erected with modules. They believe that this method helps to simplify the minute-in-minute plan for assembling and better the overall performance. (2012). De La Torre, Mayra L. Graduate Student. The final construction should reflect the intended design and specifications achieving high build quality (Eagle 2014). References: [1] Construction Rates quoted by Khozema Umrethwala from S.K contractors, Mazgaon,Mumbai [2] Standards, Bureau Of Indian. That said, they note that because all the modules should be ready before construction and kept in one place that is called assembly yards, there are often limits in space, as it is difficult to find the necessary surface for storage. The results of the exploration were fascinating, as the authors have found out that the overall consequences were positive and could be divided into six groups: quality, time, sustainability, cost, health and safety, and site benefits. 2 Modular construction and build-to-rent – ... research provides clear evidence and best practice examples on which to base future MMC strategy for both industry and government. When the car is built, its modular design makes it much easier to manage the building process, since each component can be installed and checked separately. Jameson, P H 2007, ‘Is modularisation right for your project?’ Hydrocarbon Processing, December 2007, pp. Conventional Construction Abstract The aim of this paper is to compare and contrast between Modular Construction vs. Second, not all factories have the inventory of the needed technological level that could be used for assembling the modular parts. This research paper on Modular Construction in Hospital Buildings was written and submitted by your fellow student. The 5 in 5 Growth Initiative: research roadmap recommendations, underpins this effort in order to determine a strategic path forward of how to increase the uptake of permanent modular construction in North America.This report covers the research results, roadmap and recommendations from this process You can use them for inspiration, an insight into a particular topic, a handy source of reference, or even just as a template of a certain type of paper. If you are the copyright owner of this paper and no longer wish to have your work published on IvyPanda. 2015). Modular housing is on the brink of a major milestone. The paper describes the prospects and relevance of introducing modular prefabricated units not only into low-rise but into multi-storey and high-rise construction as well. It contains thousands of paper examples on a wide variety of topics, all donated by helpful students. Modular Construction vs. Research results, whitepapers, and third party analysis provides insight into this growing construction method. Nevertheless, there are some disadvantages, what should be said is that they are outweighed by the advantages and can be eliminated by using simulation and visualisation while preparing the plan of the projects and developing the schedule of assembling. For this specific study, they have analysed the data regarding the overall effectiveness of conventional constructing including quality, time spent for finishing the projects, health and safety including the number of incidents in the working place and work-related illnesses, and the level of the workers’ productivity. Modeling (BIM)in Modular Construction: Benefits and Challenges” , Construction Research Congress 2010-J.Olearczyk,Mohamed Al-Hussein,Ahmed Bouferguène,2014, “Evolution of the crane selection and on-site utilization process for modular construction multilifts” , Automation in Construction 43 (2014) 59–72 In general, erecting building using this type of technique helped save the costs and raw materials, as the number of wastes was lower than in the case of conventional construction. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. © 2016 The Author(s). Moreover, they can be switched during the process of assembling as one element can be used as floor, ceiling, wall or rafter. Moreover, it improves overall safety and security and eliminates construction hazards especially when used for erecting schools, hospitals, building dense and heavily populated areas where the safety of people and also the running of businesses are paramount. What simulation is beneficial for is improving the scheduling of onsite installation. If you continue, Study of high-rise building using modular construction 2.1 Project description The modular construction project in Wolverhampton has 3 blocks of 8 to 25 storeys and in total consists of 824 modules. For this reason, modular construction is a common technology for building industrial plants. Retrieved from https://ivypanda.com/essays/modular-construction-in-hospital-buildings/. Labour reduction is also a key advantage and by using modular buildings, there is less need for supervisory personnel at the sites thereby further reducing cost and completion time. 28 June. IvyPanda. The decision to fall back on this type of construction is very often motivated by the need to meet the strict deadline for erecting buildings, as modular construction is known for high quality that can be easily reached within the shortest possible time while the result will be long-lasting and strong. Modular Design for Sustainable Construction 35 2.5 The Market Impact of Modular Construction 37 2.6 The Future for Modular Construction 38 2.7 China and India Case Studies 39 2.7.1 India 39 2.7.2 China 48 2.8 Scandinavia Case Studies 50 2.9 Designs for Dismantling 52 2.10 Advantages of Modular Construction 53 2.11 Disadvantages of Modular Construction 54 2.12 Summary of … In the case of modular construction, this objective can be easily achieved. The installation of modular buildings is cost-efficient, safe and eco-friendly. 18-23. The author states that it creates minimal site disruption as approximately 60-90% of the construction activity is carried out off-site in the factory environment and only the assembly, and minor work is done on-site. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly . Finally, the experts from the Modular Building Institute (2010) claim that the flexible design of modular constructions makes them reusable, it means that they can later be used for erecting the building that varies from the initial design. Furthermore, the investigators stress on the necessity to involve many specialists with different skills into the modular projects. Modern modular systems are based on using not only large elements such as «block rooms» but various small 3D building elements. In addition to it, the authors studied whether the use of the corridor modules is more beneficial than traditional construction. It means that there is a need for very detailed design and, what is even more significant, bringing the initial design to life. There are also advantages deriving from the strict schedule for design and construction. First of all, the future building is designed by the developers. An example of where modular buildings have been used at a large scale is the B2 building in New York that was the world’s largest modular building comprising of a 32 storey residential tower where 60% of this building was constructed off-site. (2014) focus their attention on cons that might derive from short times of construction. Department . Ataei et al. The paper will address multiple considerations that must be considered in various property types while considering modular construction. As the research results the article shows promise for developing of modern modular construction systems in order to provide the population with affordable, comfortable and eco-friendly housing. The thesis concludes that while modular product development has been discussed in the academic literature for many years more research is required and an agreement must be reached on a standard definition of modularity. The article considers temporary methods of using modular units in construction. There is also better construction quality management off-site ensuring that stringent quality control and quality assurance protocols are in place to promote an exceptionally high quality of construction in every step of the project. As the international trade association for modular and offsite construction, MBI works with an extensive network of universities, researchers, and alliances from all over the world. What is special about modules is that they are assembled in the factory environment. In addition to it, the author also stresses that modules in comparison with conventional construction are better insulated and more moisture tolerant, as most parts are assembled in the factory environment where weather conditions cannot affect the process and ruin the material used for building and design. All of these steps help improve performance (Court et al. It is especially effective if used with visualization, claim Moghadam et al. Taghaddos et al. Figure 1. In addition to it, the author stresses that because of strict planning, it is possible to manage the resources financial as well as raw materials. June 28, 2020. https://ivypanda.com/essays/modular-construction-in-hospital-buildings/. we will assume that you agree to our Finally, modules are flexible in design and can be reused and recycled. Secondly, the paper develops a research agenda. IvyPanda, 28 June 2020, ivypanda.com/essays/modular-construction-in-hospital-buildings/. Eagle (2014) states another benefit of modular for constructing a hospital in comparison with the conventional building. June 28, 2020. https://ivypanda.com/essays/modular-construction-in-hospital-buildings/. Third, in most cases, people are unaware of the benefits of modular construction over conventional (Azhar, Lukkad & Ahmad 2012). It is believed that an increased amount of personnel accounts for higher costs and longer completion times as it facilitates means for unnecessary worker interface (Proverbs, Holt & Olomolaiye 1999). IvyPanda. The article considers temporary methods of using modular units in construction. According to McGraw-Hill construction’s report, 76% of respondents indicate that prefabrication/modular construction reduces site waste—with 44% indicating that it reduced site waste by 5% or more. Modular construction uses pre-engineered volumetric units that are installed on site as fitted-out and serviced ‘building blocks’. A 25 storey modular building in Wolverhampton, UK (Lawson et al., 2012).....4 Figure 1. 577-587. ... 11/02/20 – A summary of research paper by Andrew Watson (B.Sc.) Modular buildings are becoming favourable to conventional construction, as the individual modules are carefully engineered to withstand the effects of transporting and craning them onto the foundations onsite making them structurally stronger than traditionally constructed buildings. In the case of a thorough analysis of the outputs of the model, it is possible to eliminate the possibility of inaccuracies and guarantee that the deadlines are met and the plans are fulfilled. Technologies LLC, a company registered in Wyoming, USA. Velamati (2012) points out another desirable advantage of modular construction. (2014) believe that simulation can become an effective tool for working out the disadvantages of the modular construction, especially the constraint emerging during the process of erecting the building using the modules. 2006). For this reason, there are sometimes delays in constructing the buildings and meeting the deadlines. 2014). Peer-review under responsibility of the organizing committee of the XXV Polish – Russian – Slovak Seminar “Theoretical Foundation of Civil Engineering”. are relevant. Together with that, there are as well some disadvantages of this type of erecting the buildings but they all come down to constraints whether it be a lack in time, skills or resources. At the second stage, modules are manufactured and assembled in the factory environment. 482-499. The State-of-the-Art Application of Modular Construction to Multi-Story Residential Buildings Anthony C. Jellen P.E. As modular technology lends itself to more repeatable volumes, multifamily and hotel property types addressed more, but other property types are considered. It is emphasized that modular construction has the potential to shorten project design and engineering time, reduce costs and improve construction productivity. The advanced world experience in the construction of modular buildings is analyzed. To sum up, the primary advantages of modular construction are minimizing the costs and maximizing the revenues that can be achieved by thorough budgeting and planning the number of necessary resources as well as finishing the construction earlier, so that there is an opportunity to receive rental payments earlier. Third, it helped improve the level of safety, as there were no accidents in the working place and the productivity of employees as they were controlled at every stage of the process. But for this to happen, a more compelling case for investment in modern methods of construction (MMC) must be made. Moghadam, M, Al-Hussein, M, Al-Jibouri, A & Telyas, A 2012, ‘Post simulation visualization model for effective scheduling of modular building construction’, Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering, vol. Among the common customer using this type of construction, there are local, state, and federal governments, huge corporations and non-profit organizations, retailers and healthcare providers (The Modular Building Institute 2010). Eagle, A 2014, ‘Speed to market’, Health Facilities Management Magazine, May 2014, pp. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must. (1994). Moreover, the authors pay specific attention to the limitations of this method. Velamati (2012) pays specific attention to the stages of modular construction detaching four specific stages. "Modular Construction in Hospital Buildings." 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