Today, numerous ruined and abandoned towns throughout the interior of Somalia and the Horn of Africa are evidence of a once-booming inland trade network dating from the medieval period.[2]. The potential of the flood plains remains, however, and all that is required for their full exploitation is to restore the dilapidated infrastructure. Long-distance caravan trade, a long-time practice in the Horn of Africa, continued unchanged in Ajuran times. The Somali Government, donors, the international community and local partners will all need to work together as a team and pool resources for this goal to be attained. On average, 186 cubic meters (186,000 litres) of water flow every second down the Juba River at Luuq station. The story is different now. Mena River; Weyib River or Gestro River; Welmel River; Dawa River Below Mogadishu the river becomes seasonal. To determine the average size of a farm, a land measurement system was also invented with moos, taraab and guldeed being the terms used. Below Mogadishu, the river becomes seasonal. The Jubba River gives its name to the Somali administrative regions of Middle Juba and Lower Juba, as well as to the larger historical region of Jubaland. Learn more about ReliefWeb, leading online source for reliable and timely humanitarian information on global crises and disasters since 1996. Water Resources Management and Monitoring Systems. The alluvial plains of the Juba and Shabelle have been described as the breadbasket of Somalia. OCHA coordinates the global emergency response to save lives and protect people in humanitarian crises. More than two-thirds of the joint Somali-Ethiopian drainage basin lies in Ethiopia. This includes setting up relevant institutions for the management of the water resources. Bridge over the Jubba river in Baardheere. Water resources management of the Juba and Shabelle Rivers involves the dual imperatives of managing floods and providing a steady supply of irrigation water. In Middle Shabelle, for example, flood waters were diverted to a huge natural depression which could hold up to 200 million cubic meters of water (the Jowhar Off-Stream Storage Reservoir – JOSSR), thus controlling flooding downstream. The 25cm and 50cm vertical accuracy DTM available from the Aerial Survey was used for this purpose. Crossing the Webi Shebeli river (3948802326).jpg 1,212 × 896; 156 KB Ethiopia regions Oromia and Somali border.jpg 4,130 × 2,323; 5.78 MB Ethiopia Somalia floods NASA.jpg 2,700 × 1,670; 2.73 MB During most years, the river dries up near the mouth of the Jubba River, while in seasons of heavy rainfall, the river actually reaches the Jubba and thus the Somali Sea. [1], Through their control of the region's wells, the Garen rulers effectively held a monopoly over their nomadic subjects as they were the only hydraulic empire in Africa during their reign. This has significantly affected the agricultural production in the region. 5 Figure 1.Map showing the Jubba and Shebelle River basins, the Ethiopian parts of which form the known global distribution of Labeo boulengeri as reported by Froese and Pauly (2017) and Getahun (2010). Major cities which the Jubba River passes by include Buale, Doollow, Luuq, Buurdhuubo, Beledhawo, Baardheere, Saakow, Kamasuma, and Goobweyn near Kismaayo. During most years, the river dries up near the mouth of the Jubba River, while in seasons of heavy rainfall, the river actually reaches the Jubba and thus the Indian Ocean. (A related name, Jubba Somali, comes from the Jubba River, and also refers to the Gosha or Mushungulu peoples. Originating in Ethiopia, they are Somalia’s only perennial rivers and serve as fertile plains for crop production. The flows of the Fanfan tributary are intermittent, and only join the Shabelle during high rainfall seasons. The Shebelle river's name is derived from the Somali term Wabi Shabeelle, meaning "Leopard/Tiger River". Native wild life include giraffes, cheetahs, lions, leopards, hyenas, buffalos, hippopotamus, crocodiles, oryx, gazelles, camels, ostriches, jackals and wild donkeys. [7] Two more recent floods were the dawdle in 2003, when about 100 livestock and 119 people were washed away, and the flood of April 2005, when about 30,000 persons were surrounded by floodwaters and 2000 camels and 4000 shoats were washed away by the floods; some locals consider this the worst flood in 40 years. According to the local authorities, 34 people and an estimated 750 livestock died, with 70,000 affected by the floods and in need of assistance. During the former Somali government, water legislation institutionalized water management through laws that regulated the functioning of the institutions involved. The 25cm and 50cm vertical accuracy DTM available from the Aerial Survey was used for this purpose. The Shebelle River (Somali: Webi Shabeelle, Italian: Uebi Scebeli) begins in the highlands of Ethiopia, and then flows southeast into Somalia towards Mogadishu.Near Mogadishu, it turns sharply southwest, where it follows the coast. Mena River; Weyib River or Gestro River; Welmel River; Dawa River The Shabelle is said to have flooded every other year prior to the 1960s; that decade had only two devastating floods, the hidigsayley in 1965, and the soogudud in 1966. The centralized regulations of the wells made it easier for the nomads to settle disputes by taking their queries to government officials who would act as mediators. In drier years the Shebeli disappears in a series of marshes and sand flats northeast of the Jubba confluences. It is surrounded by a sacred enclosure wooded with juniper trees, which as of 1951 was under the protection of a Muslim member of the Arsi. Tributaries. The area around the Jubba is considered some of the most fertile farmland in Somalia. Jubba River. We advocate for effective and principled humanitarian action by all, for all. Some is in Kenya. Galetti River 3. In early 2016, the Shabelle River in Somalia became dry, which is very unusual for that time of year. The gains made in flood and irrigation water control and management were quickly eroded with the collapse of the Somali government. River Hydraulics: Theoretical rating curves, bank full conditions and preliminary flood inundation studies in key locations were derived using the HEC-RAS model and HEC Geo-RAS software. During the Middle Ages Jubba river was under the Ajuran Empire of the Horn of Africa which utilized the Jubba River for its plantations and was the only hydraulic empire in Africa. 1999. október 23-ának éjszakáján is kiáradt a folyó, aminek következtében 34 ember és kb. Data coming from these stations is used for flood and drought monitoring and early warning. The institutions put in place could no longer function and the installed flood and irrigation infrastructure collapsed due to vandalism and lack of maintenance. These people are the descendants of many Bantu ethnic groups from East Africa, including areas of Tanzania, Mozambique and Malawi. Maize, sesame, fruits and vegetables were some of the crops grown for local market, while sugarcane and rice were grown for both local and foreign markets. ReliefWeb Labs projects explore new and emerging opportunities to improve information delivery to humanitarians. The Shebelle River begins in the highlands of Ethiopia, and then flows southeast into Somalia towards Mogadishu.Near Mogadishu, it turns sharply southwest, where it … Through hydraulic engineering, it also constructed many of the limestone wells and cisterns of the state that are still operative and in use today. Access your account or create a new one for additional features or to post job or training opportunities. Below Mogadishu, the river becomes seasonal. Since its inception in 2002, SWALIM has recovered the available historical data and collected new data on water and land resources to support the sustainable management of the Juba and Shabelle basins. The Shebelle River (Somali: Webi Shabeelle, Arabic: نهر شبيلي‎, Amharic: እደላ, Italian: Uebi Scebeli) begins in the highlands of Ethiopia, and then flows southeast into Somalia towards Mogadishu. A Shebelle az 1960-as évekig minden évben kiáradt, de a hatvanas években csak két pusztító áradása volt, a hidigsayleynek nevezett 1965-ben és a soogudud nevű 1966-ban. Hundreds of thousands of people in eastern Africa have been affected by heavy rains and devastating floods in April and May, especially near the Shebelle and Jubba rivers. River Hydraulics: Theoretical rating curves, bank full conditions and preliminary flood inundation studies in key locations were derived using the HEC-RAS model and HEC Geo-RAS software. A system of irrigation ditches known locally as Kelliyo fed directly from the Shebelle River and Jubba rivers into the plantations where sorghum, maize, beans, grain and cotton were grown during the gu (Spring in Somali) and xagaa (Summer in Somali) seasons of the Somali calendar. The Shebelle river's name is derived from the Somali term Wabi Shabeelle, meaning "Leopard/Tiger River". Shebelle River. Large wells made out of limestone were constructed throughout the state, which attracted Somali and Oromo nomads with their livestock. During most years, the river dries up near the mouth of the Jubba River, while in seasons of heavy rainfall, the river actually reaches the Jubba and thus the Somali Sea. On average, 186 cubic meters (186,000 litres) of water flow every second down the Juba River at Luuq station. Wabiga Shabeelle (Af Ingiriis : Shebelle River; Af Talyaani : Uebi Scebeli) waa webi ka soo bilaabma deegaanada sare ee Itoobiya ee goobaha Ogadenia, kaasi oo dhexmara koonfurbari wadanka Soomaaliya ilaa uu ka gaadho badda Soomaaliyeed oo uu ku dhamaado.. Intaas waxaa dheer in webigani ka soo burqada dhulka sare buuraleyda wadanka itoobiya isagoo soo aadka koofur bari soomaaliya,aa … The study deals with a characterization of the water users and demands along the Juba and Shabelle Rivers were modelled using a WEAP model. On 23 October 1999, the river unexpectedly flooded in the middle of the night, destroying homes and crops in 14 out of the 117 kebeles in Kelafo woreda, as well as 29 of the 46 kebeles in neighboring Mustahil woreda. Open training opportunities in the humanitarian field. A hydraulic empire that rose in the 13th century AD, Ajuran monopolized the water resources of the Jubba River and Shebelle . The two rivers sustain agricultural production not only by providing much needed irrigation, but also through the very fertile flood plains where a variety of crops are grown for domestic and foreign markets. Jubba River. Additionally, SWALIM has adopted new technology in remote sensing analysis to monitor river breakages and flooding along the Juba and Shabelle rivers and to support more timely action to avert disasters. Mena River; Weyib River or Gestro River; Welmel River; Dawa River; Flowing into endorheic basins The study deals with a characterization of the water users and demands along the Juba and Shabelle Rivers were modelled using a WEAP model. Below Mogadishu, the river becomes seasonal. Wabe River The Fafenonly reaches the Shebelle in times of heavy rainfall; its stream usually ends before reaching the main river. Trans-boundary issues arising from the use of water from the two rivers should also be addressed through an integrated and holistic approach. From the border with Ethiopia, this river runs south. Such development should focus on better management of the water resources to address the problems of extremes - “too much” or “too little” water - and must involve infrastructure rehabilitation and the re-establishment of national and regional institutions for water management. Over the last two decades, much has been done by different humanitarian and development agencies to restore the collapsed water systems in Somalia. [4], In 1989, with the help of Soviet engineers, the Melka Wakena dam was built on the upper reaches of the Shebelle River in the Bale Mountains. Available records indicate that before the collapse of the former Somali government in 1990, over 220,000 hectares of land along the flood plains were under either controlled irrigation or recession farming. An example is the Natural Water Resources Law of 1984, which governed the regulated access to and use of the Juba river waters. They include: The Fafen only reaches the Shebelle in times of heavy rainfall; its stream usually ends before reaching the main river. The Shebelle has a number of tributaries, both seasonal and permanent rivers. The Shebelle River (Somali: Webi Shabeelle, Arabic: نهر شبيلي‎, Amharic: እደላ, Italian: Uebi Scebeli) begins in the highlands of Ethiopia, and then flows southeast into Somalia towards Mogadishu. Systems were also put in place for irrigation and flood management. During most years, the river dries up near the mouth of the Jubba River while in seasons of heavy rainfall; the river actually reaches the Jubba and thus the Indian Ocean. Heavy rainfall often causes flooding, especially along the Awash River and in the lower Baro-Akobo and Wabe-Shebelle river basins. The Shebelle has a number of tributaries, both seasonal and permanent rivers. As a result, flooding again became a frequent problem in the riverine areas of Juba and Shabelle with consequent huge economic losses. Find help on how to use the site, read terms and conditions, view the FAQs and API documentation. The river is 2,526 Km long, with a catchment area of 283,054 Km2. According to the traditional Somali custom, the right to use water depends on access to land along the rivers, and no approval was needed for one to extract water. Curated pages dedicated to humanitarian themes and specific humanitarian crises. This term also appears in some compilation resources in a confusion with the unrelated town of Juba, Southern Sudan.) The Somali administrative regions consisting of Middle Shebelle and Lower Shabeelle are also named after the river. Many of the data collection networks collapsed with the central government in 1990 and are not yet restored to full operational status. Fafen River (only reaches the Shebelle in times of flood) Jerer River; Erer River; Ramis River Galetti River; Dungeta River Gololcha River; Ganale Dorya River. Figure 2 shows the annual flow of Juba and Shabelle rivers at different stations and in different seasons, based on the historical data. Countries: Namibia, Angola, Botswana 12. The Juba River has three main tributaries in its upper catchment in Ethiopia, namely: the Dawa, the Genale and the Weyb, all of which flow south-eastwards. The Economic Importance of Juba and Shabelle. Information sharing between the two countries would go a long way towards overcoming this challenge.Lack of resources: With the current state of irrigation and flood infrastructure along the Juba and Shabelle, significant resources are needed to bring them to their original operational status. The Jubba River has a rich history of a once-booming sophisticated civilization and trade network conducted by the powerful Somalis that held sway over the Jubba river. Fafen River (only reaches the Shebelle in times of flood) Jerer River; Erer River; Ramis River Galetti River; Dungeta River Gololcha River; Ganale Dorya River. Near Mogadishu, it turns sharply southwest, where it follows the coast. Downstream it is called the Tuotuo River and then the Tongtian River. The Juba and Shabelle rivers are the only perennial rivers in the country, but 90% of their flow originates from a neighbouring country - Ethiopia. There have been remarkable gains by the Somali authorities, international peacekeepers and regional partners in stabilizing the areas, but it may take a while to restore order and allow unlimited access by intervening agencies.Sparse data / information and limited monitoring network: Data and other information required for the development and management of water resources in Somalia is sometimes missing, or where available may be scattered and outdated, in large part because of security issues. During most years, the river dries up near the mouth of the Jubba River, while in seasons of heavy rainfall, the river actually reaches the Jubba and thus the Indian Ocean. Volta River. The Shebelle River has a rich history of a once-booming sophisticated civilization and trade network conducted by the powerful Somalisthat held sway over the Shebelle river. During most years, the river dries up near the mouth of the Jubba River, while in seasons of heavy rainfall, the river actually reaches the Jubba and thus the Somali Sea. - … During heavy-rain periods in Ethiopia, the Shebeli River joins the Jubba (Giuba), and the combined waters then flow to the Indian Ocean. Countries: Namibia, Angola, Botswana 12. They include: 1. Jubba The Jubba River flows for 624 miles and, similar to the Shebelle, it also originates from Ethiopia. Its rulers developed new systems for agriculture and taxation, which continued to be used in parts of the Horn of Africa as late as the 19th century. Below Mogadishu, the river becomes seasonal. List of organizations that are actively providing ReliefWeb with content. Wabiga Shabeelle (Af Ingiriis : Shebelle River; Af Talyaani : Uebi Scebeli) waa webi ka soo bilaabma deegaanada sare ee Itoobiya ee goobaha Ogadenia, kaasi oo dhexmara koonfurbari wadanka Soomaaliya ilaa uu ka gaadho badda Soomaaliyeed oo uu ku dhamaado.. Intaas waxaa dheer in webigani ka soo burqada dhulka sare buuraleyda wadanka itoobiya isagoo soo aadka koofur bari soomaaliya,aa … The Somali Bantus are an ethnic group from Somalia, largely from the Shebelle and Jubba River valleys, in the Southwestern part of the country. The Shebelle river's name is derived from the Somali term Webi Shabeelle, meaning "Young Lions River". Below Mogadishu the river becomes seasonal. These include, but are not limited to: Insecurity and lack of access: many areas in South Somalia, through which the Juba and Shabelle Rivers pass, are not accessible to development agencies and their partners for intervention activities. Find latest updates on global humanitarian responses, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Status and Impacts of Open River Points along the Shabelle River in Jowhar, Balcad and Afgooye Districts, An appraisal of the effectiveness and sustainability of sand dams to improve water security and resilience in Somaliland, Somalia Operational Report Q1-Q2 2020 (MAASO001), Somalia Situation Report, 10 August 2020 [EN/SO]. The Shabelle River emerges on the eastern Ethiopian highlands at an altitude of about 4,230 Meters above Mean Sea Level (m.a.m.s.l). RW COVID-19 page: Find latest updates on global humanitarian responses. The Somali Bantus are the minority ethnic group of Somalia, inhabiting the Shebelle and Jubba River valleys, and speaking two main languages in addition to Somali- Maay Maay and Zigua. The Shabelle River emerges on the eastern Ethiopian highlands at an altitude of about 4,230 Meters above Mean Sea Level (m.a.m.s.l). This irrigation system was supported by numerous dikes and dams. Plan: Click to order now >> OUR CLIENTS LOVE WHAT WE DO "Since I have been with SiveHost I have always gotten very helpful service, and If I've ever had any issues, brought it up, chatted to them on the phone and they were able to sort it out for me." 750 állat vesztette életét. Open job opportunities in the humanitarian field. RAM. Producing 153 megawatts, this dam is Ethiopia’s largest hydroelectric generator. The total length of Juba River is 1,808 Km, with a catchment area of about 210,010 Km2. Volta River. The integrated flood management approach would reduce the effects of flooding while at the same time preserving the natural resources of the flood plain. Erer River 2. The water flow along the Juba and Shabelle decreases as the rivers flow downstream through Somalia, due mainly to factors such as: the minimal contribution of tributaries from the Somali catchment areas, “bank full” spillage of flood water into the flood plains, natural and man-made flood relief channels, river diversions for irrigation - during both low and high flow periods - and natural losses due to evaporation and infiltration/recharge of the groundwater along the rivers. Shebelle River. The Shebelle river's name is derived from the Somali term Wabi Shabeelle, meaning "Leopard/Tiger River". During low river flows, the diverted water at the JOSSR would be re-directed back to the river, providing much needed water for downstream irrigation and contributing to much lower rates of drought during that period. The Shebelle has a number of tributaries, both seasonal and permanent rivers. This opened a lot of speculation into the cause of the dry river, but no information was forthcoming from the Ethiopian side. The total length of Juba River is 1,808 Km, with a catchment area of about 210,010 Km 2. Shebelle River. Latest humanitarian reports, maps and infographics and full document archive. Ezeket követte a kabahay nevű áradás 1978-ban, majd 1996-ban. [6], Satellite pictures showing the Shebelle valley in southern Somalia and Ethiopia before and during floods in 2005, Astronaut photograph showing irrigation along the river, sfnp error: no target: CITEREFCassanelli1982 (, Journal of African History pg.50 by John Donnelly Fage and Roland Anthony Oliver, "Something that We Need to Know about Our River’s Hydropower Potential", "Drought and Floods: Stress Livelihoods and Food Security in the Ethiopian Somali Region", ReliefWeb: Somalia Integrated Phase Classification Maps (as of Sep 2008), Map of the Shebelle River basin at Water Resources eAtlas, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Shebelle_River&oldid=1002305517, Articles containing Amharic-language text, Articles containing Italian-language text, Articles with dead external links from May 2018, Articles with permanently dead external links, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 23 January 2021, at 20:18. During most years, the river dries up near the mouth of the Jubba River while in seasons of heavy rainfall; the river actually reaches the Jubba and thus the Indian Ocean. The average flow of the Shabelle River at Belet Weyne Station is 75 cubic meters (75,000 litres) per second. [5], The recent history of the Shabelle is marked by frequent destructive flash floods. A hydraulic empire that rose in the 13th century AD, Ajuran monopolized the water resources of the Jubba and Shebelle Rivers. Shebelle River References Like many rivers, the river is known by different names over its course. For several decades irrigated agriculture has been practiced along the plains, producing food not only for local consumption but also for export. Shabelle River, Somalia 2 December, 2013 by Richard Davies in Africa Dalsan Radio in Mogadishu, reported on 25 November that the Shabelle River in the Middle Shabelle region, had again started to flood and that thousands of people in nearby areas, including many in Jowhar town, were forced to leave their homes and seek shelter on higher ground. Jubba River. During most years, the river dries up near the mouth of the Jubba River, while in seasons of heavy rainfall, the river actually reaches the Jubba and thus the Indian Ocean. The Jubba basin region is primarily savanna, and is, ecologically speaking, the richest part of the country due to its fertile farmland. On average, 186 cubic meters (186,000 litres) of water flow every second down the Juba River … And specific humanitarian crises riverine areas of Juba River is cultivated by the Oromo! Especially along the plains, producing food not only for local consumption but for... 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